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dc.contributor.authorEmmer, Adam
dc.contributor.authorKlimes, Jan
dc.contributor.authorMergili, Martin
dc.contributor.authorVilímek, Vit
dc.contributor.authorCochachin Rapre, Alejo
dc.identifier.citationEmmer, A., Klimes, J., Mergili, M. et al. (2016) 882 lakes of the Cordillera Blanca: An inventory, classification, evolution and assessment of susceptibility to outburst floods. Catena, 147, 269-279. doi:
dc.identifier.issnISSN: 0341-8162es_PE
dc.descriptionFiliación institucional de autor: Alejo Cochachín Rapre /Autoridad Nacional del Agua - Unidad de Glaciología y Recursos Hídricos (ANA-UGRH), Huaraz, Perues_PE
dc.descriptionOriginal abstract: An inventory of the lakes within the Cordillera Blanca of Peru was made based on manual analysis of high resolution optical images and was verified during field surveys. In total, 882 lakes were detected, classified and described by several qualitative and quantitative characteristics. The majority of the lakes were characterised as moraine-dammed lakes (35.2%), followed by bedrock-dammed lakes (31.3%), while ice-dammed and landslide-dammed lakes were quite rare with 3.5% and 2.6%, respectively. Two thirds of the lakes (66.5%) have a surface area<10,000m2 and are classified as being small, while only 7.3% are classified as large lakes with an area>100,000m2. The majority of the large lakes are characterised as moraine-dammed lakes (48.4%) and the share of landslide-dammed lakes is significantly increased to 12.4% in this class. In the 1950s, most lakes were situated in the elevation range of 4250–4600a.s.l. (Concha, 1951), while 49.4% of the lakes are currently situated above 4600ma.s.l. This elevational shift is considered to be a result of ongoing environmental change and glacier retreat within the Cordillera Blanca. By analysing multi-temporal aerial images covering the period from 1948 to 2013 it was shown that glacial lakes in already deglaciated catchments may persist for long periods of time without any areal change. It was also shown that glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) originated from moraine-dammed lakes in the earlier stages of glacier retreat (1940s and 1950s) and from bedrock-dammed lakes in later stages (recently); however, no clear trend was revealed regarding the starting elevation of GLOFs. The susceptibility of all of the large lakes (n=64) to outburst floods was assessed. Monitoring of young proglacial lakes and large moraine-dammed lakes, systematic susceptibility reassessments considering potential future changes, and flood modelling are recommended.es_PE
dc.description.abstractRealiza un inventario de los lagos dentro de la Cordillera Blanca del Perú. Como resultado identifica, clasifica y describe 882 lagos, cantidad que refleja el cambio ambiental. Asimismo, evalúa la susceptibilidad de todos los grandes lagos ante las inundaciones.es_PE
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCatena, December 2016, Volume 147, pp 269-279es_PE
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.sourceAutoridad Nacional del Aguaes_PE
dc.sourceRepositorio institucional - ANAes_PE
dc.subjectInventarios y evaluación de ecosistemas proveedores de aguaes_PE
dc.subjectMonitoreo de lagunas y glaciareses_PE
dc.title882 lakes of the Cordillera Blanca: An inventory, classification, evolution and assessment of susceptibility to outburst floodses_PE
dc.coverage.basinCuenca Santa

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