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dc.contributor.authorFrey, Holger
dc.contributor.authorHuggel, Christian
dc.contributor.authorBaer, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorChisolm, Rachel E.
dc.contributor.authorMcArdell, Brian
dc.contributor.authorCochachin Rapre, Alejo
dc.contributor.authorPortocarrero, César
dc.identifier.citationFrey, H., Huggel, C., Baer, P, et al. (2018) Multi-Source Glacial Lake Outburst Flood Hazard Assessment and Mapping for Huaraz, Cordillera Blanca, Peru. Frontiers in Earth Science, 6, 210. doi:
dc.identifier.otherESSN: 2296-6463
dc.descriptionFiliación institucional de autor: Alejo Cochachín Rapre / Autoridad Nacional del Agua - Unidad de Glaciología y Recursos Hídricos (ANA-UGRH), Huaraz, Perues_PE
dc.descriptionOriginal abstract: The Quillcay catchment in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, contains several glacial lakes, including Lakes Palcacocha (with a volume of 17 x 106 m3), Tullparaju (12 x 106 m3) and Cuchillacocha (2 x 106 m3). In 1941 an outburst of Lake Palcacocha, in one of the deadliest historical glacial lake outburst floods (GLOF) worldwide, destroyed large parts of the city of Huaraz, located in the lowermost part of the catchment. Since this outburst, glaciers and glacial lakes in Quillcay catchment have undergone drastic changes, including a volume increase of Lake Palcacocha between around 1990 and 2010 by a factor of 34. In parallel, the population of Huaraz grew exponentially to more than 120,000 inhabitants nowadays, making a comprehensive assessment and mapping of GLOF hazards for the Quillcay catchment and the city of Huaraz indispensable. Here we present a scenario-based multi-source GLOF hazard mapping, applying a chain of interacting numerical models to simulate involved cascading mass movement processes. Susceptibility assessments for rock-ice avalanches and breach formation at moraine dams were used to define scenarios of different magnitudes and related probabilities, which are then simulated by corresponding mass movement models. The evaluation revealed, that (1) the three investigated lakes pose a significant GLOF hazard to the Quillcay Catchment and the city of Huaraz, (2) in some scenarios the highest hazard originates from the lake with the smallest volume (Cuchillacocha), and (3) current moraine characteristics of Lake Palcacocha cannot be compared to the situation prior and during the 1941 outburst. Results of outburst floods obtained by the RAMMS model were then converted into intensity maps and corresponding hazard levels according to national and international standards, and eventually combined into the GLOF hazard map for the entire Quillcay catchment, including the urban area of Huaraz. Besides technical aspects of such a multi-source model-based hazard mapping, special attention is also paid to approval and dissemination aspects in a complex institutional context. Finally, some general conclusions are drawn and recommendations are given, that go beyond the presented case of the Quillcay Catchment.es_PE
dc.descriptionArtículo en acceso abiertoes_PE
dc.description.abstractRealiza una evaluación y un mapeo exhaustivo de los peligros de inundación por desborde violento de lago glaciar (en inglés, Glacier lake outburst flood o GLOF) para la cuenca de Quillcay y la ciudad de Huaraz, zona que contiene varios lagos glaciares, incluidos los lagos Palcacocha (con un volumen de 17 x 106 m3), Tullparaju (12 x 106 m3) y Cuchillacocha (2 x 106 m3) y que sufriera una de las inundaciones más mortales e históricas del mundo en 1941. Además de los aspectos técnicos de amenazas basado en modelos de múltiples fuentes, este mapeo presta especial atención a los aspectos de aprobación y difusión en un contexto institucional complejo. Finalmente, extrae algunas conclusiones generales y brinda recomendaciones, que van más allá del caso presentado.es_PE
dc.publisherDavide Tiranti, ARPAes_PE
dc.relation.ispartofseriesFrontiers in Earth Science, November 2018, Volume 6, Article 210es_PE
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.sourceAutoridad Nacional del Aguaes_PE
dc.sourceRepositorio institucional - ANAes_PE
dc.subjectComportamiento de eventos extremos de origen glaciar y climáticoes_PE
dc.subjectAdaptación al cambio climático y eventos extremoses_PE
dc.subjectConservación de glaciareses_PE
dc.titleMulti-Source Glacial Lake Outburst Flood Hazard Assessment and Mapping for Huaraz, Cordillera Blanca, Perues_PE
dc.coverage.basinCuenca Santa

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